Hi Everybody!!

Hi Everybody!!
Welcome to my Hometown!!

Sunday, May 4, 2014

RED-BELLIED WOODPECKER AND PURPLE-TONGUED REBECCA (A MULBERRY EATING PHOTO BLOG)

Hi Everybody!!
I was sitting by the lake with my eyes closed and just listening. I kept hearing a red-bellied woodpecker who flew back to the same location repeatedly. Later on, I followed the sound and walked around to see what the woodpecker was doing. They are easy to find as they make noise when they find food!  Anyway, in the photostudy below, you will see I found him in a Mulberry Tree eating the ripe fruits. I called to my friend Rebecca to come and get it! For woodpeckers, Rebeccas and me,  seeing this tree bursting with sun sweetened berries is better than finding gold. Rebecca and I ate all the berries we could eat. Her tongue and teeth were purple, the white shirt was purple and the hands also purple! The red-bellied woodpecker was squawking mad as a hornet that we were raiding his private stash.(He had plenty on the top branches). I have shared Wikipedia Info below on the Mulberry Tree. I have some growing at my place, the white and the red. These are fast growing shade trees. When the berries are ready, the woodpeckers will let you know. Enjoy!


The Purple-Tongued Rebecca!




The Red-Bellied Woodpecker




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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morus_(plant)

Morus (plant)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae, comprises 10–16 species of deciduous trees commonly known as mulberries growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions.[2]
The closely related genus Broussonetia is also commonly known as mulberry, notably the Paper MulberryBroussonetia papyrifera. Mulberries are swift-growing when young, but soon become slow-growing and rarely exceed 10–15 m (33–49 ft) tall. Theleaves are alternately arranged, simple, often lobed, more often lobed on juvenile shoots than on mature trees, and serrated on the margin.
Depending on the species, they can be monoecious or dioecious.[3]
The mulberry fruit is a multiple fruit, 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) long. Immature fruits are white, green, or pale yellow. In most species, the fruits turn pink and then red while ripening, then dark purple or black, and have a sweet flavor when fully ripe. The fruits of the white-fruited cultivar are white when ripe; the fruit in this cultivar is also sweet but has a very mild flavor compared with the darker variety.
Mulberry
Morus nigra
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Moraceae
Tribe:Moreae[1]
Genus:Morus
L.

Uses and cultivation[edit]


Mulberry fruit in Libya
The ripe fruit is edible and is widely used in pies, tarts, wines, cordials and tea. The fruit of the black mulberry, native to southwest Asia, and the red mulberry, native to eastern North America, have the strongest flavor, which has been likened to 'fireworks in the mouth'.[4]
The fruit of the white mulberry, an east Asian species which is extensively naturalized in urban regions of eastern North America, has a different flavor, sometimes characterized as refreshing and a little tart, with a bit of gumminess to it and a hint of vanilla.[5][6] In North America the white mulberry is considered an invasive exotic and has taken over extensive tracts from native plant species, including the red mulberry.[7] The mature plant contains significant amounts of resveratrol, particularly in stem bark.[8] The fruit and leaves are sold in various forms as nutritional supplements. Unripe fruit and green parts of the plant have a white sap that may be toxic, stimulating, or mildly hallucinogenic.[9]
Black, red, and white mulberry are widespread in southern Europe, the Middle Eastnorthern Africa and Indian Subcontinentwhere the tree and the fruit have names under regional dialectsJams and sherbets are often made from the fruit in this region. Black mulberry was imported to Britain in the 17th century in the hope that it would be useful in the cultivation of silkworms. It was much used in folk medicine, especially in the treatment of ringworm. Mulberries are also widespread inGreece, particularly in the Peloponnese, which in the Middle Ages was known as Morea (GreekΜωριάςMorias), deriving from the Greek word for the tree (GreekΜουριάΜouria).
Mulberries can be grown from seed, and this is often advised as seedling-grown trees are generally of better shape and health, but they are most often planted from large cuttings which root readily. The mulberry plants which are allowed to grow tall with a crown height of 5–6 feet from ground level and a stem girth of 4–5 inches or more is called tree mulberry. They are specially raised with the help of well-grown saplings 8–10 months old of any of the varieties recommended for rain-fed areas like S-13 (for red loamy soil) or S-34 (black cotton soil) which are tolerant to drought or soil-moisture stress conditions. Usually, the plantation is raised and in block formation with a spacing of 6 feet x 6 feet, or 8 feet x 8 feet, as plant to plant and row to row distance. The plants are usually pruned once a year during the monsoon season (July – August) to a height of 5–6 feet and allowed to grow with a maximum of 8–10 shoots at the crown. The leaves are harvested 3–4 times a year by a leaf picking method[clarification needed] under rain-fed or semi-arid conditions, depending on the monsoon.
The tree branches pruned during the fall season (after the leaves have fallen) are cut and used to make durable baskets supporting agriculture and animal husbandry.
Some North American cities have banned the planting of mulberries because of the large amounts of pollen they produce, posing a potential health hazard for some pollen allergy sufferers.[10]

Silk industry[edit]


A silkworm, Bombyx mori, feeding on a mulberry tree
Mulberry leaves, particularly those of the white mulberry, are ecologically important as the sole food source of the silkworm (Bombyx mori, named after the mulberry genus Morus), the pupa/cocoon of which is used to make silk.[11][12] OtherLepidoptera larvae—which include the common emerald, the lime hawk-moth, and the sycamore moth—also sometimes eat the plant.

Pigments[edit]

Mulberry fruit contains anthocyanins, which may prove useful as dietary modulators of mechanisms for various diseases[13][14] Anthocyanins are responsible for the attractive colors of fresh plant foods, including orange, red, purple, black, and blue. These colors are water-soluble and easily extractable, yielding natural food colorants. Due to a growing demand for natural food colorants, their significance in the food industry is increasing.
A cheap and industrially feasible method has been developed to extract anthocyanins from mulberry fruit which could be used as a fabric tanning agent or food colorant of high color value (above 100). Scientists found that, of thirty-one Chinese mulberry cultivars tested, the total anthocyanin yield varied from 148 mg to 2725 mg per liter of fruit juice.[15] It was also found that all the sugars, acids, and vitamins of the fruit remained intact in the residual juice after removal of the anthocyanins, so the juice could be used to produce products such as juice, wine, and sauce.
Anthocyanin content depends on climate and area of cultivation and is particularly high in sunny climates.[16] This finding holds promise for tropical countries that grow mulberry trees as part of the practice of sericulture to profit from industrial anthocyanin production through the recovery of anthocyanins from the mulberry fruit.
This offers a challenging task to the mulberry germplasm resources for
  • exploration and collection of fruit yielding mulberry species;
  • their characterization, cataloging, and evaluation for anthocyanin content by using traditional as well as modern means and biotechnology tools;
  • developing an information system about these cultivars or varieties;
  • training and global coordination of genetic stocks;
  • evolving suitable breeding strategies to improve the anthocyanin content in potential breeds by collaboration with various research stations in the field of sericulture, plant genetics, and breeding, biotechnology and pharmacology.

In popular culture[edit]


A Mulberry tree in England
The nursery rhyme Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush uses the tree in the refrain, as do some contemporary American versions of the nursery rhyme Pop Goes the Weasel. Vincent van Gogh featured the mulberry tree in some of his paintings, notably "Mulberry Tree."[17]
The Roman mythological tale of Pyramus and Thisbe provides a story of the mulberry fruit's color. According to the tale, after the two lovers die tragically, the gods listen to Thisbe's lament and forever change the color of the mulberry fruits into their red stained color to honor the forbidden love.



















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The Guard Dogs!


...this is brendasue signing off from Rainbow Creek.  See You next time!









Scott Lake



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