Hi Everybody!!

Hi Everybody!!
Welcome to my Hometown!!

Thursday, May 30, 2013


Hi Everybody!!
What's In Your Yard?  
A Summer Project: Get to know what is in your yard. If You have no yard, go to a Park or Botanical Garden. And, if You have no plants at all, forget the plants and learn the stars!
It helps to remember there are a limited number of plants, birds, insects, etc. Once You know them, it will not be necessary to learn any more (until they are discovered). Start small in your own location, photograph your stuff and upload it to Picasa Web or Google+ to share with all of us!  It is that easy-so go shoot that tree you see everyday and look it up in Google Index.  You will then always know like,  a pine tree is a pine tree. You better hurry if You are going to catch up with me! That is how I got to know Birds and tonight I have a beauty for You:


Ring-necked Dove

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Ring-necked Dove (Streptopelia capicola), also known as the Cape Turtle Dove or Half-collared Dove, is a widespread and often abundant dove species in East and southern Africa. It is a mostly sedentary bird,[2][3] found in a catholic variety of open habitats. Within range, its penetrating and rhythmic, three-syllabled crooning is a familiar sound at any time of the year.[3] Its name is derived from the semi-collar of black feathers on the lower nape,[4] a feature shared with a number of Streptopelia species. Like all doves they depend on surface water. They congregate in large flocks at waterholes in dry regions[2] to drink and bathe.[5]
Ring-necked Dove
S. c. damarensis at a Kgalagadi waterhole
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Species:S. capicola
Binomial name
Streptopelia capicola
(Sundevall, 1857)

Appearance [edit]

Their body feathers are darkest on the upper side, where they are coloured in dull tones of grey and brown, with shades of lavender on the nape.[6] It is paler below, where a tint of pinkish lavender is usually present. The lower belly and crissum is white.[4] As with related species, they have white fringes and conspicuous white tips to the otherwise slate grey tail feathers. The tail pattern is particularly noticeable during the display flight.
Individual plumage variation is high, with some light and others almost sooty.[5] Males and females look alike, although the males are slightly bigger. They measure 25–26.5 cm (9.8–10.4 in) in length[4] and weigh 92–188 g (3.2–6.6 oz).[7][8][9] The eyes are almost black, the bill is black and the feet are dark purple.[4][5]
An immature is duller[10] and lacks the semi-collar of an adult. It also has buff edges to all the upper part and wing covert feathers, while the plumage below is broadly edged greyish-white.[2]

Habitat [edit]

It occupies a diverse range of habitat types, including semi-desert scrub, Boscia and Acacia savannah, a variety of woodland types, farmlands, open plantations and alien acacia thickets. Only closed forest or plantations,[3] or the extensive waterless dune fields and gravel plains of the Namib[6] are unsuited to their requirements. In southern Africa they are most commonly observed in fynbos regions, miombo and mopanewoodlands, besides any grassland types from moist to dry regions.[3] Their presence in the latter areas has been facilitated by the planting of trees in groves, for instance around farm homesteads.
They are vulnerable at exposed waterholes or in plantations where they are preyed on by Lanner Falcons and Black Sparrowhawks respectively.[2] In addition they are preyed on by reptiles, wild cats, jackals, genets, herons, storks, eagles and Barn Owls.[6] Nests are vulnerable to birds, snakes and locally, grey squirrel.
Seasonal movements are most noticeable in tropical areas, while nomadic movements occur in arid environments with limited resources.[6] They seldom occur above 2,000 metres.[4]

Habits [edit]

These doves are usually found alone or in pairs, although they do form larger flocks around roosts or sources of food and water,[4][3] sometimes comprising hundreds of birds. They are quite noisy in these groups, not only for the various calls they make throughout the day, or often into (mainly moonlit)[6] nights, but also due to the loud clatter[4] of their wings when they take flight.
Their song is a loud and harsh[2] “kuk-COORRRR-uk, ...”[10] (sometimes interpreted as 'how's father?'[10] or 'work harder') which they may repeat ten to forty times. Less often a repeated “wuh-ka-RROOO, ...” may be given.[4] A raspy, snarling “kooorr”, or “knarrrrrr”, call is often given when it alights on a perch,[2]arrives at an incubating mate or chases another dove away.[6] Ring-necked Doves roost in treetops during the night and forage for food on the ground by day. Peak foraging times are early morning and late afternoon,[6] and they drink mainly in the morning. When they walk on the ground, their heads bob back and forth with each small step.[5]

The Ringneck Dove was in the Lumber Yard

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 The Oleanders are in My Yard!



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nerium oleander (pron.: /ˈnɪəriəm ˈl.ændər/)[2] is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane familyApocynaceae, toxic in all its parts. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea.[Note 1] It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been identified, though southwest Asia has been suggested. The ancient city of Volubilis in Morocco may have taken its name from the Berber name oualilt for the flower.[3]Oleander is one of the most poisonous of commonly grown garden plants.
Nerium oleander in flower
Scientific classification
Species:N. oleander
Binomial name
Nerium oleander
Nerium indicum Mill.
Nerium odorum Aiton[1]

Toxicity [edit]

Nerium oleander has historically been considered a poisonous plant because some of its compounds may exhibit toxicity, especially to animals, when consumed in high amounts. Among these compounds are oleandrin and oleandrigenin, known as cardiac glycosides, which are known to have a narrowtherapeutic index and can be toxic when ingested.
Toxicity studies of animals administered oleander extract concluded that rodents and birds were observed to be relatively insensitive to oleander cardiac glycosides.[11] Other mammals, however, such as dogs and humans, are relatively sensitive to the effects of cardiac glycosides and the clinical manifestations of "glycoside intoxication".[11][12][13]
However, despite the common "poisonous" designation of this plant, very few toxic events in humans have been reported. According to the Toxic Exposure Surveillance System (TESS) in 2002 there were 847 human exposures to oleander reported to poison centers in the United States.[14] Despite this exposure level, from 1985 through 2005, only three deaths were reported. One cited death was apparently due to the ingestion of oleander leaves by a diabetic man.[15]His blood indicated a total blood concentration of cardiac glycosides of approximately 20 μg/L which is well above the reported fatal level. Another study reported on the death of a woman who self-administered "an undefined oleander extract" both orally and rectally and her oleandrin tissue levels were 10 to 39 μg/g which were in the high range of reported levels at autopsy.[16] And, finally, one study reported the death of a woman who ingested oleander 'tea'.[17] Few other details were provided.
In contrast to consumption of these undefined oleander derived materials, there is no toxicity or deaths reported from topical administration or contact withNerium oleander or specific products derived from them. In reviewing oleander toxicity Lanford and Boor[18] concluded that, except for children who might be at greater risk, "the human mortality associated with oleander ingestion is generally very low, even in cases of moderate intentional consumption (suicide attempts)."[18]
Toxicity studies that have been conducted in dogs and rodents administered oleander extracts by intramuscular (IM) injection indicated that on an equivalent weight basis, doses of an oleander extract with glycosides 10-times in excess of those likely to be administered therapeutically to humans are still safe and without any "severe toxicity observed".[19]

Effects of poisoning [edit]

Oleandrin, one of the toxins present in Oleander
Reactions to ingestion of this plant can include both gastrointestinal and cardiac effects. The gastrointestinal effects can consist of nausea and vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea that may or may not contain blood, and especially in horsescolic.[6] Cardiac reactions consist of irregular heart rate, sometimes characterized by a racing heart at first that then slows to below normal further along in the reaction. The heart may also beat erratically with no sign of a specific rhythm. Extremities may become pale and cold due to poor or irregular circulation. Reactions to poisonings from this plant can also affect the central nervous system. These symptoms can include drowsiness, tremors or shaking of the muscles, seizures, collapse, and even coma that can lead to death.
Oleander sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis.[20]

Treatment [edit]

Poisoning and reactions to oleander plants are evident quickly, requiring immediate medical care in suspected or known poisonings of both humans and animals.[20] Induced vomiting and gastric lavage are protective measures to reduce absorption of the toxic compounds. Charcoal may also be administered to help absorb any remaining toxins.[6] Further medical attention may be required and will depend on the severity of the poisoning and symptoms. Temporary cardiac pacing will be required in many cases (usually for a few days) till the toxin is excreted.
Digoxin Immune Fab is the best way to cure an oleander poisoning if inducing vomiting has no or minimal success, although it is usually used only for life-threatening conditions due to side-effects.[citation needed]
Drying of plant materials does not eliminate the toxins. It is also hazardous for animals such as sheephorsescattle and other grazing animals, with as little as 100 g being enough to kill an adult horse.[21] Plant clippings are especially dangerous to horses, as they are sweet. In July 2009, several horses were poisoned in this manner from the leaves of the plant.[22] Symptoms of a poisoned horse include severe diarrhea and abnormal heartbeat. There is a wide range of toxins and secondary compounds within oleander, and care should be taken around this plant due to its toxic nature. Different names for oleander are used around the world in different locations, so, when encountering a plant with this appearance, regardless of the name used for it, one should exercise great care and caution to avoid ingestion of any part of the plant, including its sap and dried leaves or twigs. The dried or fresh branches should not be used for spearing food, for preparing a cooking fire, or as a food skewer. Many of the oleander relatives, such as the Desert Rose (Adenium obesum) found in East Africa, have similar leaves and flowers and are equally toxic.
Mr Whiskers is in Billy's Yard

How do you catch a unique rabbit?? You 'neak up on him!!!!!!!!
...this is brendasue signing off from Rainbow Creek. See You next time! Dare I ask:  
What's In Your Yard?????????????