Nebuchadnezzar I[nb 2] /ˌnɛbjəkədˈnɛzər/, ca. 1126–1103 BC, was the fourth king of the Second Dynasty of Isinand Fourth Dynasty of Babylon. He ruled for 23 years according to the Babylonian King List C,[i 2] and was the most prominent monarch of this dynasty. He is best known for his victory over Elam and the recovery of the cultic idol of Marduk.
|King of Babylon|
Detail from kudurru of Nebuchadnezzar granting Marduk freedom from taxation[i 1]
|Reign||ca. 1126–1103 BC|
|Royal House||2nd Dynasty of Isin|
War with Elam
the axes (held in the hand) burned like fire and the road-surfaces were scorching like flame. There was no water in the wells and drinking supplies were unavailable. The strength of the powerful horses slackened and the legs of even the strongest man weakened.—LAK-ti Marduk kudurru, i 17–21.
Disclaimer: Although these published references to the discovery must be taken seriously they can not be taken as a definitive evidence, since it is not clear whether Dr. Pran Nath's compelling discovery was ever published and accepted in a Peer-Reviewed Research Journal. Nor is it certain whether some other Archaeologist/Researcher has independently examined the Copper Plate Inscription to corroborate this seemingly seminal find by Dr.Pran Nath.
- Kudurru BM 90858, BBSt 6 grant to LAK-ti Marduk.
- Babylonian King List C, 4
- Synchronistic King List, tablet excavation number Ass. 14616c (KAV 216), ii 15.
- Šamaš-šuma-ukin Chronicle (ABC 15), tablet BM 96273.
- The seed of kingship tablet K 4874.
- Stone tablet BM 92987, BBSt 24 7-12.
- Marduk Prophecy tablet K. 2158+.
- The Epic of Nabû-kudurrī-uṣur, K.3426 (published as CT 13 48).
- The Hymn to Marduk, DT 71.
- Tablet K.2660, 3R 38.
- Tablet BM 99067 K 3444, duplicated as K 3317 K 3319 K 5190 BM 35000.
- Synchronistic History, tablets K4401a + Rm 854, ii 1–13.
- Synchronistic King List 2-3 (KAV 12).
- The Hinke Kudurru year 16.
- Chronicle of Market Prices (ABC 23), BM 48498, line 13.
- W 20030,7 the Seleucid List of Sages and Scholars, recovered from Anu’s Bīt Rēš temple during the 1959/60 excavation.
- mdNabû-kudurrī-úṣur[nb 1][i 2] or mdNábû-ku-dúr-uṣur,[i 3] meaning "Nabû, protect my eldest son" or "Nabû, protect the border"
- da-mi-iq-ti is-si-ma le-mu-ut-tu sad-rat.
Portrayal in the Bible
Helel, Son of the Morning
Interpretations of Nebuchadnezzar's actions
Named after Nebuchadnezzar
- The opera Nabucco (1842) by Giuseppe Verdi.
- The Nabucco pipeline, a planned natural gas pipeline that will transport natural gas from Turkey to Austria, via Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary.
- Saddam Hussein considered himself to be the reincarnation of Nebuchadnezzar and had the inscription "To King Nebuchadnezzar in the reign of Saddam Hussein" inscribed on bricks inserted into the walls of the ancient city of Babylon during a reconstruction project he initiated; he named one of his Republican Guards divisions after Nebuchadnezzar.
- A bottle of champagne filled with the volume equivalent of 20 standard bottles (15 litres) is called a Nebuchadnezzar.
- "Nebuchadnezzar's Furnace" is a type of daylily.
- The name of Morpheus' vessel in the films The Matrix and The Matrix Reloaded.
- Nebuchadnezzar II is a playable character in Civilization V.
- Nebuchadnezzar II is mentioned in the Microsoft computer game Age of Empires in the eighth Babylon campaign "Nineveh" in the history section and after the campaign is won.
- Chapter 23, "The Chaldaean Kings" in Georges Roux, Ancient Iraq (3rd ed.). London: Penguin Books, 1992. ISBN 0-14-012523-X
- ABC 5: Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar
- Nabuchodonosor on the Catholic Encyclopedia
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Nabuchodonosor". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
- Nos ancêtres de l'Antiquité, 1991, Christian Settipani, p.
- Stefan Zawadski, "Nebuchadnezzar's Campaign in the 30th Year (575 BC): A Conflict with Tyre?" in Mordechai Cogan and Dan`el Kahn (eds), Treasures on Camels' Humps: Historical and Literary Studies from the Ancient Near East Presented to Israel Eph'al (Jerusalem, Magnes Press, 2008).
- T. E. Gaston, Historical Issues in the Book of Daniel, Oxford: Taanathshiloh, 2005
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nebuchadnezzar II|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1879 American Cyclopædiaarticle Nebuchadnezzar.|
- Inscription of Nabuchadnezzar. Babylonian and Assyrian Literature – old translation
- Nabuchadnezzar Ishtar gate Inscription
- Jewish Encyclopedia on Nebuchadnezzar
- Nebuchadnezzar II on Ancient History Encyclopedia
Maybe You guys already know this History. I do not have a cue what it is all about. But it is about right now in time. I am usually the last one to find out anything. This time, I am next to last. You are last. I have a very heavy Spring Heart. Around here, we just had a bluebonnet festivals and went to Church on Easter.
I will be gone on Spring Break. See You when I get back. Love and Peace to All.