The INFORMATION in tonight's post should be HEADLINE NEWS. It is possible that everybody in the World except me already knows.
If I can find these You Tube Video Productions from 4 and 5 years ago, then obviously it has been public information for a long time. Who Knew?
Do You know what Methane Clathrate Is?
Do You know what happens when Permafrost is lost?
And, Does Anybody Care?
Methane clathrate (CH4•5.75H2O), also called methane hydrate, hydromethane,methane ice, fire ice, natural gas hydrate, or gas hydrate is a solid clathrate compound (more specifically, a clathrate hydrate) in which a large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water, forming a solid similar to ice. Originally thought to occur only in the outer regions of the Solar System where temperatures are low and water ice is common, significant deposits of methane clathrate have been found under sediments on the ocean floors of Earth. The worldwide amounts of carbon bound in gas hydrates is conservatively estimated to total twice the amount of carbon to be found in all known fossil fuels on Earth.
(See Continued text below from Wikipedia)
Before we jump into the study for tonight, I would like to mention a few points:
In my real life, sometimes people make fun of me when I relate how much I am learning on Google's You Tube Site.
As You, my photoblog friends know:
we are learning many things about Earth Nature, Human Nature and Space Nature via You Tube video lineups on my posts or on your own trips to the You Tube Site. I stand in support of this Google Site to those who make fun of it.
Your time on the internet is Your time. You go wherever You want to go and see what You want to see. For ME, I choose to come to the You Tube site to watch documentaries and breaking world news events. I also choose the Wikipedia Site for good information. In addition, I prefer the Google News over the canned mainstream (delayed) news displayed in the states. My favorite place of all is the Google Search Box to the Index.
I share the information I find on this Blog for all to see. For Free.
(I sell nothing on the Internet).
If increasing Your Knowledge of the Current Nature of the Earth is not 'Your Thing', simply click off my page.
Okay, we will now return to the study for tonight:
We are living the fact in real time that the Earth has rapidly heated up. In my last post, we explored the degree of melting Ice and some of the effects.
Tonight in Part Two, we will look at some other effects of the Melt and/or Thaw in the Arctic. Permafrost and Methane Clathrates.
Anyone who bakes bread knows the oven needs a source of heat. You can feel how hot the oven is when you stick your hand in it-a dry heat that cooks the bread dough to golden brown. I am a Chef, so I do know about baking in an oven!!!
In July (2012), I began to feel like I was baking in an oven just by walking outside in my garden. Sure, the Sun was Hot, but it has always been Hot. This was something different that was baking my tree top leaves to a nice golden brown. Baked Birds have been falling out of the sky. Baked Fish have been floating up in the creek. Baked Corn is in the pastures. Baked cows, in the fields. The vegetable garden, roasted. Nothing to harvest and can. There are no pecans as they threw off in July. The twenty year old apple tree-fried pie. The few hummingbirds that made it here, left 2 months early. I have no bees and especially, no flies. My frogs are poached. The Earth is baking as witnessed by drought records since July. What is the source of this consistent heat wave?
We found holes and weak spots in the magnetic shield which could account for some of the difference. We found that gamma rays and the solar winds were penetrating the weakness. Yet these are not constant, they come and go. Whatever continued to bake the Earth through August was constant heat like an oven. We see that we have surpassed all 'global warming' predictions for burning fossil fuels in the past three months.
So what is it that has overheated our atmosphere and melted all the Ice?
I think I have finally found the answer to the constant heat source: Methane.
I hope You all will view the following video lineup. I hope my video producing friends will address this issue and advise us of the current status of frozen gas now released into our atmosphere.
Extent of permafrostThe extent of permafrost varies with the climate. Today, a considerable area of the Arctic is covered by permafrost (including discontinuous permafrost). Overlying permafrost is a thin active layer that seasonally thaws during the summer. Plant life can be supported only within the active layer since growth can occur only in soil that is fully thawed for some part of the year. Thickness of the active layer varies by year and location, but is typically 0.6–4 m (2.0–13 ft) thick. In areas of continuous permafrost and harsh winters the depth of the permafrost can be as much as 1,493 m (4,898 ft) in the northern Lena and Yana River basins in Siberia. Permafrost can also store carbon, both as peat and as methane. The most recent work investigating the permafrost carbon pool size estimates that 1400–1700 Gt of carbon is stored in permafrost soils worldwide. This large carbon pool represents more carbon than currently exists in all living things and twice as much carbon as exists in the atmosphere.
Continuous and discontinuous permafrost
Changes in permafrost extent
Location of Permafrost in the Northern Hemisphere. Glaciers and the Greenland Ice Sheet are violet, and Arctic Sea Ice is light blue. from NSIDC
Permafrost 'thaw' versus 'melt'As permafrost is solely defined by ground temperature below the freezing point of water, it can consist of any substrate such as bedrock, sediment, organic matter, or ice. Ground ice is not always present, as may be in the case of nonporous bedrock, but frequently occurs and it may be in amounts exceeding the potential hydraulic saturation of the ground material. Since permafrost consists to a large amount of substrates other than ice, permafrost does not 'melt' but it 'thaws' . However, if ground ice is present, the ground ice in permafrost can 'melt'. A commonly invoked analogy is the freezer whose door was left open accidentally: Though the ice in the freezer will melt, most of the food, consisting of solids, will certainly not melt (=turn into a liquid) but thaw (=warm above the freezing point)
Video Line Up (You Tube Vids)
Just Push Play
Another point of view, Just Push Play
Of course, one more great performance.
This is a great lecture on Methane Hydrates by a famous Scientist.
The Answers are HERE: Just Push Play:
"Burning ice". Methane, released by heating, burns; water drips.
Inset: clathrate structure (University of Göttingen, GZG. Abt. Kristallographie).
Source: United States Geological Survey.
Methane clathrates and climate change
SEE remaining text at this link:
|Description||Circum-Arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground Ice Conditions|
|Date||1998, revised February 2001|
|Author||Brown, J., O.J. Ferrians, Jr., J.A. Heginbottom, and E.S. Melnikov. 1998, revised February 2001. Circum-arctic map of permafrost and ground ice conditions. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology|
|This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code. See Copyright.|