Who Knew Science Fiction is now Real??
Tonight in Part Three of Who Knew, we will look at these new weapons that were inspired by Science Fiction. I guess as we live in a modern World, we need to know about modern weapons that are being developed by everybody. These weapons are used to KILL HUMANS. Yes, sadly, only the Human Species kills off each other faster than any other species on Earth. Why? Why do we allow war? I am hopeful enough people will examine this question and decide we do not need any more wars or any more killing. We could wipe out hunger in the World for what it costs to build one of these super weapons.
It is my opinion we need to stop hurting and killing people and start helping build everybody up.
It is my Hope You will take all people out of office in every Country who are planning to end civilization with these weapons.
A Science Fiction Intro!
Star Trek Original Series Intro (HQ)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdjL8WXjlGI
FEATURE PRESENTATION: Documentary
From the History Channel 5 short vids:
|"Death Rays and Energy Weapons"||The focus of this episode shines on the death rays and energy weapons which have been used in the old science fiction movies, including laser cannonscapable of downing a plane and nuclear missiles.|
- Electromagnetic radiation, in lasers or masers
- Particles with mass, in particle beam weapons (Technically a form of micro-projectile weapon)
- Sound, in sonic weapons
- Laser beams travel at the speed of light, so there is no need (except over extremely long distances) for users to compensate for target movement when firing over long distances. Consequently, evading an accurately aimed laser after it has been fired is impossible.
- Because of the extremely high speed of light it is only slightly affected by gravity, so that long range projection requires little compensation. Other aspects such as wind speed can be neglected at most times, unless shooting through an absorption matter.
- Lasers can change focusing configuration to provide an active area that can be much smaller or larger than projectile weaponry.
- Given a sufficient power source, laser weapons could essentially have limitless ammunition.
- Because light has a practically nil ratio (exactly ) of momentum to energy, lasers produce negligible recoil.
- The operational range of a laser weapon can be much larger than that of a ballistic weapon, depending on atmospheric conditions and power level.
Problems and considerations
- Spread the beam across a large, curved mirror that focuses the power on the target, to keep energy density en route too low for blooming to happen. This requires a large, very precise, fragile mirror, mounted somewhat like a searchlight, requiring bulky machinery to slew the mirror to aim the laser.
- Use a phased array. For typical laser wavelengths this method requires billions of micrometre-size antennae. No way to make these is known. However, carbon nanotubes have been proposed. Phased arrays could theoretically also perform phase-conjugate amplification (see below). Phased arrays do not require mirrors or lenses, can be made flat and thus do not require a turret-like system (as in "spread beam") to be aimed, though range will suffer at extreme angles (that is, the angle the beam forms to the surface of the phased array).
- Use a phase-conjugate laser system. Here, a "finder" or "guide" laser illuminates the target. Any mirror-like ("specular") points on the target reflect light that is sensed by the weapon's primary amplifier. The weapon then amplifies inverted waves in a positive feedback loop, destroying the target with shockwaves as the specular regions evaporate. This avoids blooming because the waves from the target passed through the blooming, and therefore show the most conductive optical path; this automatically corrects for the distortions caused by blooming. Experimental systems using this method usually use special chemicals to form a "phase-conjugate mirror". In most systems, the mirror overheats dramatically at weapon-useful power levels.
- Use a very short pulse that finishes before blooming interferes.
- Focus multiple lasers of relatively low power on a single target.
Evaporated target material
- Induce a standing shockwave in the ablation cloud. The shockwave then continues to perform damage.
- Scan the target faster than the shockwave propagates
- Induce plasmic optical mixing at the target. Modulate the transparency of the target's ablation cloud to one laser by another laser, perhaps by tuning the laser to the absorption spectra of the ablation cloud, and inducing population inversion in the cloud. The other laser then induces local lasing in the ablation cloud. The beat frequency that results can induce frequencies that penetrate the ablation cloud.
High power consumption
- Cheap high-temperature superconductors to make the weapon more efficient.
- More convenient high volume electricity storage/generation. Part of the energy could be used to cool the device.
Lack of indirect fire capabilities
- Active Denial System is a millimeter wave source that heats the water in the target's skin and thus causes incapacitating pain. It is being used by the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory and Raytheon for riot-control duty. Though intended to cause severe pain while leaving no lasting damage, some concern has been voiced as to whether the system could cause irreversible damage to the eyes. There has yet to be testing for long-term side effects of exposure to the microwave beam. It can also destroy unshieldedelectronics: see TEMPEST (research into unintended electronic release of information). The device comes in various sizes including attached to a humvee.
- Vigilant Eagle is an airport defense system that directs high-frequency microwaves towards any projectile that is fired at an aircraft. The system consists of a missile–detecting and tracking subsystem (MDT), a command and control system, and a scanning array. The MDT is a fixed grid of passive infrared (IR) cameras. The command and control system determines the missile launch point. The scanning array projects microwaves that disrupt the surface-to-air missile's guidance system, deflecting it from the aircraft.
- Bofors HPM Blackout is a high-powered microwave weapon system which is stated to be able to destroy at distance a wide variety of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) electronic equipment. It is stated to be not lethal to humans.
Pulsed Energy Projectile
Effects and Uses
- That the individual or group of people would not necessarily realize that they were being targeted by such a device.
- That microwave radiation, like some other radio frequency radiation, can easily penetrate most common building materials.
- That with specialized antennas the radiation and its effects can be focused on either an individual or a large area such as a city or country.
- Capability to influence an enemy force (or population) to flee rather than to stand and fight by imposing on them a sense of great anxiety or impending disaster.
- Ability to convince captured enemy combatants that the great sense of physical well-being which seemed to accompany their being even slightly cooperative was much more desirable than the overwhelming sense of uneasiness and dread associated with their being uncooperative or hostile.
- Ability to impose a feeling of overwhelming drowsiness on an already weary enemy force.
- Ability to deprive an enemy force of sound, uninterrupted sleep for a prolonged period.
- Capability to persuade, indirectly, the close comrades of an enemy soldier that the soldier — perhaps an infantry officer who admittedly hears voices or strange noises that no one else is hearing — is mentally unsound and is not to be taken seriously. Such feelings, voices, or strange noises and dreams can be imposed on the enemy with some precision by specialized, microwave-type radiation antennas.
- Made by Northrop Grumman:
- On March 18, 2009 Northrop Grumman announced that its engineers in Redondo Beach had successfully built and tested an electric laser capable of producing a 100-kilowatt ray of light, powerful enough to destroy cruise missiles, artillery, rockets and mortar rounds. An electric laser is theoretically capable, according to Brian Strickland, manager for the United States Army's Joint High Power Solid State Laser program, of being mounted in an aircraft, ship, or vehicle because it requires much less space for its supporting equipment than a chemical laser.
- On April 6, 2011, the U.S. Navy successfully tested a laser gun, manufactured by Northrop Grumman, that was mounted on the former USS Paul Foster, which is currently used as the navy's test ship. When engaged during the test that occurred off the coast of Central California in the Pacific Ocean test range, the laser gun was documented as having "a destructive effect on a high-speed cruising target," said Chief of Naval Research Admiral Nevin Carr. While classified, the range of the laser gun is attributed to miles, not yards.
- Northrop Grumman has announced the availability of a high-energy solid-state laser weapon system that they call FIRESTRIKE, introduced on 13 November 2008. The system is modular, using 15 kW modules that can be combined to provide various levels of power.
- On 19 July 2010 an anti-aircraft laser described as the Laser Close-In Weapon System was unveiled at the Farnborough Airshow.
- The Zeus laser weapon is the first laser and the first energy weapon of any type to be used on a battlefield. It is used for neutralizing mines and unexploded ordnance.
- Laser Area Defense System.
- The Mid-Infrared Advanced Chemical Laser (MIRACL) is an experimental U.S. Navy deuterium fluoride laser and was tested against an Air Force satellite in 1997.
- In 2011, the U.S. Navy began to test the Maritime Laser Demonstrator (MLD), a laser for use aboard its warships.
- Personnel Halting and Stimulation Response, or PHaSR, is a non-lethal hand-held weapon developed by the United States Air Force Its purpose is to "dazzle" or stun a target. It was developed by Air Force's Directed Energy Directorate.
- Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) is a weaponized deuterium fluoride laser developed in a joint research project by Israel and theU.S. It is designed to shoot down aircraft and missiles. See also National missile defense.
- The U.S. Air Force's Airborne Laser, or Advanced Tactical Laser, is a plan to mount a CO2 gas laser or COIL chemical laser on a modified Boeing 747 to shoot down missiles.
- Portable Efficient Laser Testbed (PELT)
- Laser AirCraft CounterMeasures (ACCM)
- See also Electrolaser#Examples of electrolasers.
Some common types of masers
- Atomic beam masers
- Ammonia maser
- Free electron maser
- Hydrogen maser
- Gas masers
- Rubidium maser
- Solid state masers
- Ruby maser
- Whispering-gallery modes iron-sapphire maser
Particle beam weapons
- Thermal blooming occurs in both charged and neutral particle beams, and occurs when particles bump into one another under the effects of thermal vibration, or bump into air molecules.
- Electrical blooming occurs only in charged particle beams, as ions of like charge repel one another.
Electric beam in a vacuum
Speed of the weapon
This image is copyrighted by the NASA/Caltech Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The JPL allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright notice Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech is displayed.
...this is brendasue signing off from Rainbow Creek. See You next time!
Of course, one more!