This week we will be looking at December 2012 -what's happening and some things that could happen. As always, I bring You several points of view from Google You Tube and a fact sheet from Wikipedia. I have created none of this information only the format below. Google has created none of this information, only placed it in the library. I invite You to wake up and view this post with information pertinent to
Dec 21 date (10 days).
Some people our concerned about a old Mayan prediction. It seems some Mayans are concerned about CERN. And the whole world is looking for Higgs Boson. Most people are just sleepy and 'waiting on the World to Change'; hoping 'Gravity' will hold them down on the ground. We will explore these ideas tonight!
for Nuclear Research
pour la recherche nucléaire
|Formation||29 September 1954|
|Membership||20 member states and 7 observers|
|Director General||Rolf-Dieter Heuer|
- 1973: The discovery of neutral currents in the Gargamelle bubble chamber.
- 1983: The discovery of W and Z bosons in the UA1 and UA2 experiments.
- 1989: The determination of the number of light neutrino families at the Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP) operating on the Z boson peak.
- 1995: The first creation of antihydrogen atoms in the PS210 experiment.
- 1999: The discovery of direct CP violation in the NA48 experiment.
- 2010: The isolation of 38 atoms of antihydrogen
- 2011: Maintaining antihydrogen for over 15 minutes
- 2012: A boson with mass around 125 GeV consistent with long-sought Higgs boson.
Faster-than-light neutrino anomaly
- Two linear accelerators generate low energy particles. Linac2 accelerates protons to 50 MeV for injection into the Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB), and Linac3 provides heavy ions at 4.2 MeV/u for injection into the Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR).
- The Proton Synchrotron Booster increases the energy of particles generated by the proton linear accelerator before they are transferred to the other accelerators.
- The Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) accelerates the ions from the ion linear accelerator, before transferring them to the Proton Synchrotron (PS). Thisaccelerator was commissioned in 2005, after having been reconfigured from the previousLow Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR).
- The 28 GeV Proton Synchrotron (PS), built in 1959 and still operating as a feeder to the more powerful SPS.
- The Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS), a circular accelerator with a diameter of 2 kilometres built in a tunnel, which started operation in 1976. It was designed to deliver an energy of 300 GeV and was gradually upgraded to 450 GeV. As well as having its own beamlines for fixed-target experiments (currently COMPASS and NA62), it has been operated as a proton–antiproton collider (the SppS collider), and for accelerating high energy electrons and positrons which were injected into the Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP). Since 2008, it has been used to inject protons and heavy ions into theLarge Hadron Collider (LHC).
- The On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (ISOLDE), which is used to study unstable nuclei. The radioactive ions are produced by the impact of protons at an energy of 1.0–1.4 GeV from the Proton Synchrotron Booster. It was first commissioned in 1967 and was rebuilt with major upgrades in 1974 and 1992.
- REX-ISOLDE increases the charge states of ions coming from the ISOLDE targets, and accelerates them to a maximum energy of 3 MeV/u.
- The Antiproton Decelerator (AD), which reduces the velocity of antiprotons to about 10% of the speed of light for research intoantimatter.
- The Compact Linear Collider Test Facility, which studies feasibility issues for the future normal conducting linear collider project.
The Large Hadron Collider
- The original linear accelerator (LINAC 1).
- The 600 MeV Synchrocyclotron (SC) which started operation in 1957 and was shut down in 1991.
- The Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR), an early collider built from 1966 to 1971 and operated until 1984.
- The Large Electron–Positron Collider (LEP), which operated from 1989 to 2000 and was the largest machine of its kind, housed in a 27 km-long circular tunnel which now houses the Large Hadron Collider.
- The Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR), commissioned in 1982, which assembled the first pieces of true antimatter, in 1995, consisting of nine atoms of antihydrogen. It was closed in 1996, and superseded by the Antiproton Decelerator.
- A, in Switzerland, for all CERN personnel at specific times.
- B, in Switzerland, for all CERN personnel at all times. Often referred to as the main entrance.
- C, in Switzerland, for all CERN personnel at specific times.
- D, in Switzerland, for goods reception at specific times.
- E, in France, for French-resident CERN personnel at specific times. Controlled by customs personnel. Named "Porte Charles de Gaulle" in recognition of his role in the creation of CERN.
- Tunnel entrance, in France, for equipment transfer to and from CERN sites in France by personnel with a specific permit. This is the only permitted route for such transfers. Under the CERN treaty, no taxes are payable when such transfers are made. Controlled by customs personnel.
Participation and Funding
Member states and Budget
|Member state||Status since||Contr.|
(% for 2012)
|Belgium[note 1]||29 September 1954||30.83||2.62%|
|Denmark[note 1]||29 September 1954||19.86||1.69%|
|France[note 1]||29 September 1954||169.82||14.46%|
|Germany[note 1]||29 September 1954||219.10||18.65%|
|Italy[note 1]||29 September 1954||120.62||10.27%|
|Netherlands[note 1]||29 September 1954||49.71||4.23%|
|Norway[note 1]||29 September 1954||26.85||2.29%|
|Sweden[note 1]||29 September 1954||29.81||2.54%|
|Switzerland[note 1]||29 September 1954||55.70||4.74%|
|United Kingdom[note 1]||29 September 1954||146.96||12.51%|
|Austria[note 2]||1 June 1959||23.70||2.02%|
|Bulgaria[note 2]||11 March 1999||3.08||0.26%|
|Czech Republic[note 2]||1 July 1993||10.60||0.90%|
|Finland[note 2]||1 January 1991||15.01||1.28%|
|Greece[note 2]||29 September 1954||17.75||1.51%|
|Hungary[note 2]||1 July 1992||6.85||0.58%|
|Portugal[note 2]||1 January 1986||14.49||1.23%|
|Poland[note 2]||1 July 1991||31.36||2.67%|
|Slovakia[note 2]||1 July 1993||5.20||0.44%|
|Spain[note 2]||1 January 1983||87.73||7.47%|
|Candidate, Associate Members|
|Total Members, Candidates and Associates||1,092.68||93.01%|
|European Union||1 July 1985||17.3||1.47%|
- 12 founding members drafted the Convention for the Establishment of a European Organization for Nuclear Researchwhich entered into force on 29 September 1954.
- Acceded members became CERN member states upon signing an accession agreement.
- Additional contribution from Candidates for Accession and Associate Member States.
|[show]Maps of the history of CERN membership|
- Romania became a candidate for accession to CERN in 2010 and will become a member in 2015.
- Serbia became a candidate for accession to CERN on 19 December 2011, associate member on 10 January 2012.
- Israel became an associate member in 2011, with a decision to be made on its full membership in 2013.
- Cyprus became an associate member in 2012.
- Slovenia since 7 January 1991, Non-Member State status
- Turkey since 1961, Observer State status
- Turkey – since 1961
- Russia – since 1993
- Japan – since 1995
- United States – since 1997
- India – since 2002
- Argentina – 11 March 1992
- Armenia – 25 March 1994
- Australia – 1 November 1991
- Azerbaijan – 3 December 1997
- Belarus – 28 June 1994
- Brazil – 19 February 1990 & October 2006
- Canada – 11 October 1996
- Chile – 10 October 1991
- China – 12 July 1991, 14 August 1997 & 17 February 2004
- Colombia – 15 May 1993
- Croatia – 18 July 1991
- Cyprus – 14 February 2006
- Egypt – 16 January 2006
- Estonia – 23 April 1996
- Georgia – 11 October 1996
- Iceland – 11 September 1996
- Iran – 5 July 2001
- Jordan - 12 June 2003. MoU with Jordan and SESAME, in preparation of a cooperation agreement signed in 2004.
- Lithuania – 9 November 2004
- Macedonia – 27 April 2009
- Mexico – 20 February 1998
- Montenegro – 12 October 1990
- Morocco – 14 April 1997
- New Zealand – 4 December 2003
- Pakistan – 1 November 1994.
- Peru – 23 February 1993
- Romania – 1 October 1991. Since 12 December 2008 it has the Status of Candidate for Accession to Membership.
- Saudi Arabia – 21 January 2006
- Slovenia – 7 January 1991
- South Africa – 4 July 1992
- South Korea – 25 October 2006.
- Republic of China (Taiwan)
- United Arab Emirates – 18 January 2006
- Ukraine – 2 April 1993
- The Globe of Science and Innovation, which opened in late 2005 and is used four times a week for special exhibits.
- The Microcosm museum on particle physics and CERN history.
- The Hindu deity, Shiva, a 2 metre statue styled on Chola bronzes of the deity engaging in the Nataraja dance of Chidambaram, parallelling the movements or “dance” of subatomic particles.
VIDEO LINEUP: Learning Tonight!
There You go! I hope the vids give You a starting point on your own personal research for your own personal self! Your odds are 50/50 that something will happen on December 21.
...this is brendasue signing off from Rainbow Creek. See You next time.
Love to All.
Of Course, on more great performance